These Injuries Can Cause Pain In The Arch Of Foot
Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the thick, supportive tissues on the bottom of the foot, and is one of the most common causes of heel pain.
AWhile the precise cause remains unknown, it is thought to result from repetitive microtrauma and inadequate stretching of the plantar fascia, a thick supportive band of connective tissues running between the heel bone and the toes. Plantar fasciitis can affect athletes of virtually every sport, but is particularly common among runners. Overweight people are at a greater risk as well.
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Heel spurs, a condition that commonly affects runners, is caused by a variety of factors. The most common cause is due to insufficient or improper cushioning, leading to increased pressure and friction on the plantar fascia. This continued stress and strain on the heel can result in a calcium deposit, forming a bony outgrowth over time. Other causes of heel spurs include overuse and excessive running, inadequate stretching, dramatic changes in surface or terrain, and improperly fitting shoes. Furthermore, athletes who are physically inactive, those who put on extra weight, and those with structural abnormalities may be at an increased risk of developing heel spurs.
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Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome is a condition that occurs when the tibial nerve in the lower leg is compressed within the tarsal tunnel, a narrow passageway on the inner side of the ankle. This compression of the tibial nerve can result in pain, numbness and tingling in the foot, ankle and lower leg.
The causes of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome are varied and may include trauma, abnormal foot posture, certain metabolic diseases such as diabetes, tumors and cysts, use of certain medications, and improper exercise. Trauma to the ankle may cause damage to the structures of the ankle joint, such as the tibial nerve, resulting in inflammation and the eventual development of Tarsel.
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Medial Calcaneal Nerve Entrapment
Medial Calcaneal Nerve Entrapment is a condition that results from compression of the medial calcaneal nerve. This condition affects mostly active people, such as runners, because the nerve can be compressed or “pinched” in the area behind the ankles due to vigorous physical activity. The pins and needles sensation, pain, short-term numbness, and burning sensation felt along the medial side of the ankle and the bottom of the foot can be debilitating and severely affect an individual’s ability to perform physical activities.
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Tibialis Posterior Tendinopathy
Tibialis Posterior Tendonitis is a common cause of foot and ankle pain caused by an irritation or inflammation of the Tibialis Posterior tendon. This tendon is responsible for flexing the toes downward and enabling normal foot movement. Overuse of this tendon and its associated muscles, due to improper footwear or bearing too much weight on the affected area, can cause significant discomfort and impair an individual’s ability to perform everyday activities. Symptoms of Tibialis Posterior Tendonitis include painful swelling at the inner ankle and lower calf, tenderness along the course of the tendon, and difficulty flexing the affected foot downward when standing or walking. Treatment may include rest, immobilization, physiotherapy, and orthotics or bracing. In more serious cases, surgery may be required to repair the tendon. It is important to seek professional medical advice if symptoms of Tibialis Posterior Tendonitis persist to identify the best available treatment options.
Navicular Stress Fracture
A Navicular Stress Fracture is a type of injury commonly seen in runners or other athletes who regularly put their feet under a great deal of strain. It is a fracture in the navicular bone, which is located in the mid-foot, and results from the bone becoming subjected to repeated trauma, or strain. Navicular Stress Fractures can range from mild to severe, and can cause significant pain and discomfort in the affected area. Depending on the severity of the fracture, treatment may involve rest, activity modification, physical therapy, and occasionally surgery. Regardless of the treatment type, a Navicular Stress Fracture should not be taken lightly, as prompt intervention will ensure the best possible outcome.
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